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Feb 22,  · High blood pressure, or hypertension, is the most common primary diagnosis in the United States, [] and it is one of the most common worldwide diseases afflicting humans and is a major risk factor for stroke, myocardial infarction, vascular disease, and chronic kidney disease. Despite extensive research over the past several decades, the etiology of most cases of adult hypertension is still. An effective approach to high blood pressure control: a science advisory from the American Heart Association, the American College of Cardiology, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention External. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. May;63(12) and published in Hypertension, ;63(4) The Hypertension page contains articles and information from the New England Journal of Medicine.

Hypertension: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

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We do not store details you enter into this form. Please see our privacy policy for more information. Click here to return to the Medical News Today home page. Blood pressure is the force that a person's blood exerts against the walls of their blood vessels. This pressure depends on the resistance of the blood vessels and how hard the heart has to work.

Almost half of all adults in the United States have high blood pressurebut many are not aware of this fact. Hypertension is a primary risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including strokeheart attackheart failureand aneurysm. Keeping blood pressure under control is vital for preserving health and reducing the risk of these dangerous conditions.

In this article, we explain why blood pressure can increase, how to monitor it, and ways to keep it within a normal range. Lifestyle adjustments are the standard, first-line treatment for hypertension. We outline some recommendations here:. Hypertension articles guidelines recommend that all people, including those with hypertension, engage in at least minutes of moderate intensity, hypertension articles, aerobic exercise every week, or 75 minutes a week of high intensity exercise.

Avoiding or learning to manage stress can help a person control blood pressure. Meditation, warm baths, yogaand simply going on long walks are relaxation techniques that can help relieve stress. People should avoid consuming alcohol, hypertension articles, recreational drugs, hypertension articles, tobacco, and junk food to cope with stress, as these can contribute to elevated blood pressure and the complications of hypertension. Smoking can increase blood pressure.

Avoiding or quitting smoking reduces the risk of hypertension, serious heart conditions, hypertension articles, and other health issues. People can use specific medications to treat hypertension.

Doctors will often recommend a low dose at first. Antihypertensive medications will usually only have minor side effects. Eventually, people with hypertension will need to combine two or more drugs to manage their blood pressure.

The choice of medication depends on the hypertension articles and any underlying medical conditions they may experience. Anyone on antihypertensive medications should carefully read the labels of any over-the-counter OTC drugs they may also take, such as decongestants. These OTC drugs may interact with the medications they are taking to lower their blood pressure.

People's average salt intake is between 9 grams g and 12 g per day in most countries around the world. The World Health Organization WHO recommend reducing intake to under 5 g a day to help decrease the risk of hypertension and related health problems. A healthcare provider can help people reduce consumption if they find it difficult to moderate their alcohol intake. People who have high blood pressure or people at high risk of developing high blood pressure should eat as little saturated and total fat as possible.

It is important to avoid trans fats, hydrogenated vegetable oils, and hypertension articles fats, as well as large portion sizes.

Some fats, such as those in oily fish and olive oil, have protective effects on the heart. However, these are still fats. While they are typically healthful, people with a risk of hypertension should still include them in their total fat intake.

Excess body weight can contribute to hypertension. A fall in blood pressure usually follows weight loss, as the heart does not have to work so hard to pump blood around the body.

A balanced diet with a calorie intake that matches the individual's size, sex, hypertension articles, and hypertension articles level will help. The U. Research from suggests that using probiotic supplements for 8 weeks or more may benefit people with hypertension. The cause of hypertension is often not known, hypertension articles. In many cases, it is the result of an underlying condition, hypertension articles.

Doctors call high blood pressure that is not due to another condition hypertension articles disease primary or essential hypertension. If an underlying condition is hypertension articles cause of increasing blood pressure, doctors call this secondary hypertension. Chronic kidney disease CKD is a common cause of high blood pressure, as the kidneys no longer filter out fluid, hypertension articles.

This excess fluid leads to hypertension. Poorly managed stress and a family history of high blood pressure can also contribute to the risk of developing hypertension. A person with hypertension may not notice any symptoms, and so people often call it the "silent killer. In rare and severe cases, high blood pressure causes sweating, anxietysleeping problems, and blushing. However, most people with hypertension will experience no hypertension articles at all. If high blood pressure becomes a hypertensive crisis, a person may experience headaches and nosebleeds.

Long term hypertension can cause complications through atherosclerosis where plaque develops on the walls of blood vessels, causing them to narrow. Learn more about atherosclerosis here. A sphygmomanometer, or blood pressure monitor, can help people keep track of their blood pressure. A doctor's visit is not always necessary for blood pressure monitoring. Home blood pressure monitors are available for purchase online.

Having high blood pressure for a short time can be a normal response to many situations. Acute stress and intense exercise, hypertension articles example, hypertension articles briefly elevate blood pressure in an otherwise healthy person.

For this reason, a diagnosis of hypertension requires several readings that show sustained high blood pressure over time. The AHA issued guidelines in November that define hypertension as blood pressure that is consistently higher than over 80 millimeters of mercury mmHg.

The systolic reading of mmHg refers to the pressure as the heart pumps hypertension articles around the body. The diastolic reading of 80 mmHg refers to the pressure as the heart relaxes and refills with blood. We picked linked items based on the quality of products, and list the pros and cons of each to help you determine which will work best for you.

We partner with some of the companies that sell these products, which means Healthline UK and our partners may receive a portion of revenues if you make a purchase using a link s above. Article last updated by Adam Felman on Mon 22 July Visit our Hypertension category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up to our newsletter to receive the latest updates on Hypertension.

All references are available in the References tab. Arnett, D. Causes: High blood pressure hypertension. DASH eating plan.

Description of high blood hypertension articles. Ha, S, hypertension articles. Dietary salt intake and hypertension. Heart disease in stroke statistics, hypertension articles. Hypertension: Uncontrolled and conquering the world. The Lancet. Keep the beat recipes. Khalesi, S. Effects of probiotics on blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized, hypertension articles, controlled trials.

Lackland, D. Racial differences in hypertension: Implications for high blood pressure management. Limiting alcohol to manage high blood pressure. Mancia, G, hypertension articles. Reckelhoff, J. Gender differences in hypertension [Abstract]. Salt reduction. The American Heart Association diet and lifestyle recommendations.

The facts about high hypertension articles pressure. Understanding blood pressure readings. What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?

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hypertension articles


Sep 03,  · Abstract Hypertension Control to Systolic Blood Pressure. Feb 22,  · High blood pressure, or hypertension, is the most common primary diagnosis in the United States, [] and it is one of the most common worldwide diseases afflicting humans and is a major risk factor for stroke, myocardial infarction, vascular disease, and chronic kidney disease. Despite extensive research over the past several decades, the etiology of most cases of adult hypertension is still. Sep 01,  · Clinical Hypertension is the official journal of the Korean Society of Hypertension. The Society is currently covering all publication costs so there are no article processing charges for authors. Annual Journal Metrics. Speed 49 days to first decision for reviewed manuscripts only.